It has long been believed that the first shoots of civilization appeared at the end of the fourth and beginning of the third millennium BC, in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, marking the beginning of the Sumerian civilization. It was believed that the Sumerians were the heirs of the older Ubeid culture, from which the Sumerians had adopted the experience of farming.
There are a number of myths about whom the ancestors of the Sumerians were. According to one myth, the Sumerians believed their first homeland was the mysterious country of Dilmun — in recent times many agree that this country was located on the island of Bahrain. Other lore claims that the Sumerians owed their origins to the “Sun-like Aratta”, a civilization that later proved to be at the origins of the entire Indo-European race. In the years 1994-1996 the Moscow Sumerologist A.G. Kifishin, studying the inscriptions in the Stone Tomb area, proved that the primary homeland of all Indo-Europeans — the legendary Aratta, sung by the Sumerians in the III millennium BC, was located in present-day Ukraine.
In the 60-70s, some archaeologists noted that household items found near the Stone Grave suspiciously resembled similar utensils from Shu-Eden-na-ki-Dug (modern Çatal-Gük) — the most ancient settlement in Anatolia, the appearance of which scientists refer to the end of VII — beginning of VI millenniums BC. In addition, some scholars have discovered that many of the writings carved into the Stone Grave monoliths are identical to the signs of Sumerian cuneiform writing.
As a result, scientists’ research is changing all ideas about the beginnings of human civilization. The mysterious writings found on the stones of the Stone Grave are indeed directly related to Sumerian writing, but only of even older origin.
The official science considers that the Stone Grave was a formation of the sand and stone of the former Sarmatian Sea shoal which covered the whole Black Sea lowland in ancient times.
Stone Grave is located on the right bank of the Molochnaya River, near the village of Terpeniya, Melitopol district, Zaporizhzhya region of Ukraine. Nowadays the height of Stone Grave reaches 12 metres.
Weathered over millions of years, covered with greenish-grey lichen, the rocks are various in size, bizarre, and fantastic in appearance. Today, you can see the imprints of molluscs of the Sarmatian Sea on them
This large and mysterious stone hill has become a cult place for many ancient peoples and tribes, who lived or passed through the territory of modern southern Ukraine — Cimmerians, Scythians, Sarmatians, Goths, Khazars, Polovtsians. But perhaps the most exotic of all peoples were tribes of women-warriors Amazons.
Until recently, to be exact, until 1976, the images, and deeds of Amazons were known mainly from the drawings on the ancient Greek vessels. But during the archaeological expedition (1951-1952) 42 Sarmatian burials were discovered, among which a considerable part belonged to the Amazonian women.
One tribe replaced another, but they all had one common sanctuary, the Stone Grave. At all times the gods were invoked here and mystical rituals were performed.